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Generic substitution of antiretroviral drugs in Ireland: patient views

Researchers in Ireland report the findings of a survey of opinions on the generic substitution of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs [1], revealing that over 70% of patients would have no concerns about their use.

Reference pricing for generics in Switzerland

In 2016, the Swiss Federal Office for Health (FOH) planned to modify the reference pricing scheme for generics. Rather than using a copayment of 10 per cent on low-cost and a 20 per cent copayment on high-cost generics, it was to set the benchmark at the 25th percentile of the price distribution and make patients pay out of pocket for the full excess of price over this benchmark in addition to a basic 10 per cent copayment. This paper, based on an expert report commissioned by Intergenerika, the Swiss association of manufacturers and importers of generics and biosimilars, purports to answer the question of whether this modification is apt to improve the performance of the Swiss healthcare system [1].

Approaches to assure quality and improve patient perceptions of generics in Japan

The rapidly ageing population in Japan has led the government to promote the use of generics in the universal health insurance system. This article provides an overview of the regulatory approaches available to confirm the quality of generics and achieve greater acceptance of these products by patients [1].

Significant price reductions possible for new cancer drugs

Generic production could drastically reduce the prices of novel cancer drugs and make treatments accessible to thousands more people each year, according to a study by Hill et al. [1].

Generics could cut costs of cancer drugs by over 99%

Generics manufacturing and import of novel cancer drugs could massively reduce their costs in the UK, according to a study by Hill et al.[1].

Evolution of scientific research on generic drugs

A review of peer-reviewed scientific articles carried out in January 2013 on generic drugs published on PubMed/MEDLINE from the date of the first published article on generics (1954) to 2012 was undertaken by Lucas-Dominguez et al. (2016) to establish the current status of research in this area. According to the authors, this is the first study to evaluate evolution of research on generic drugs. 

Potency of generics of piperacillin/tazobactam

In an era of increasing bacterial resistance, the potency of antibiotics is critical. Researchers from the Tata Medical Centre, Kolkata, India tested the relative potency of different generic brands of the piperacillin/tazobactam antibiotic [1].

Delaying generics using citizen petitions

A study of citizen petitions submitted to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) over the last 12 years finds that such petitions are being used by drug companies ‘in a last-ditch effort to hold off competition’ [1].

Promoting and regulating generics in Brazil

Generic drug substitution constitutes a core instrument of countries’ strategies to reduce the price of drugs and expand access to health care. To that end, scholars and international organizations have encouraged adoption of a range of policy instruments that countries can use to promote the use of generics, focusing on measures to increase both the demand for and supply of such products.

Rising costs of cancer treatments not matched by clinical efficacy

The high prices of new cancer treatments are a major barrier to access in low-income countries and placing growing pressure on developed countries. In their study, author Hill et al. estimated the lowest possible treatment costs for four new cancer drugs, showing that manufacturing of generics alternatives could significantly reduce treatment costs [1].

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