Samsung halts biosimilar rituximab development Posted 19/10/2012

South Korean electronics giant Samsung has halted clinical development for the biosimilar version (SAIT101) of Roche’s Rituxan/MabThera (rituximab).

An unidentified source told the The Korea Times that Samsung had to stop the clinical trials, which the company had been carrying out since March 2011 in 16 countries, including Brazil, Canada, Czech Republic, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan and the UK, as well as Korea, due to ‘internal reasons’.

According to the EU clinical trials register, Samsung has ‘temporarily halted’ a trial of the biosimilar rituximab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in Czech Republic and Spain, but is continuing in Hungary, Poland and the UK. No records for SAIT101 could be found on the US clinical trials register, ClinicalTrials.gov. However, there are six clinical trials still registered as ongoing on ClinicalTrials.gov, which are being carried out with rituximab and being sponsored by Samsung.

In December 2011, Samsung entered into a biosimilars joint venture with US biotechnology company Biogen Idec and back in February 2011 Samsung made a deal with contract research organisation Quintiles to provide biologicals manufacturing and biosimilars development services [1, 2].

The news is perhaps not surprising, taking into account the recent news that Teva Pharmaceuticals has suspended its phase III trial for its biosimilar version (TL011) of Roche’s Rituxan/MabThera (rituximab) and is ‘considering how best to meet the requirements’ from FDA and EMA [3].

It is speculated that Samsung is being forced to redo the tests from scratch due to changes in safety requirements in Europe and the US. The company is reported to be in talks with FDA to reset the conditions for the SAIT101 clinical tests.

The news could, however, delay Samsung’s plans to launch biosimilars by 2015 at half the price that patients in the US and Europe currently pay. The biotechnology arm of Samsung, Samsung BioLogics, has committed more than US$2 billion in investments up to 2020 in its new manufacturing plant outside Seoul, Korea [2], and is expecting to achieve annual revenues from biologicals of US$1.8 trillion by 2020.

Rituximab is approved in the EU and US to treat non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and rheumatoid arthritis, as well as to treat diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the EU.

Roche’s blockbuster cancer and rheumatoid arthritis treatment ranks among the top three biological drugs worldwide and sold 6 billion Swiss francs (US$6.6 billion) worth of drugs worldwide in 2011. Rituxan’s patent protection will expire in Europe in 2013 and in 2018 in the US.

The stakes are high and there is much to lose from any delays. The biosimilars market earned revenue of approximately US$172 million in 2010, and is expected to reach approximately US$3,987 million by 2017. Twelve biological products with global sales of more than US$67 billion will be exposed to biosimilar competition during 2012 alone, with many more following.

References

1.  GaBI Online - Generics and Biosimilars Initiative. Samsung makes biosimilars deal with Biogen Idec [www.gabionline.net]. Mol, Belgium: Pro Pharma Communications International; [cited 2012 Oct 19]. Available from: www.gabionline.net/Biosimilars/News/Samsung-makes-biosimilars-deal-with-Biogen-Idec

2.  GaBI Online - Generics and Biosimilars Initiative. Samsung to launch biosimilars by 2015 at half the current prices [www.gabionline.net]. Mol, Belgium: Pro Pharma Communications International; [cited 2012 Oct 19]. Available from: www.gabionline.net/Biosimilars/News/Samsung-to-launch-biosimilars-by-2015-at-half-the-current-prices 

3.  GaBI Online - Generics and Biosimilars Initiative. Teva halts phase III biosimilar rituximab trial [www.gabionline.net]. Mol, Belgium: Pro Pharma Communications International; [cited 2012 Oct 19]. Available from: www.gabionline.net/Biosimilars/News/Teva-halts-phase-III-biosimilar-rituximab-trial

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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov, EU Clinical Trials Register, The Korea Times

Comments (2)

Response to 'Please correct the numbers given in your text, they are wrong' posted 04/06/2013 - by Jodi H, GaBI Online Editorial Office

Thank you for your comments. We have updated the article accordingly. Thank you and regards, Jodi

Please correct the numbers given in your text, they are wrong posted 14/12/2012 - by DoubleHelix

While your articles are very informative and all biosimilar information is conveniently accessible on one website, you should review the quoted numbers more thoroughly: - the text above states that Samsung is expecting to achieve US$1.8 trillion by 2020. I guess you meant 'billion' at most. - further below you state the global market for biologicals is estimated to be around US$30 billion. I guess you meant 'the market for biologicals >losing patent protection< since the market for biologicals is several times the size you quote. Humira, Herceptin, Rituxan and Avastin alone get you to that sales number...