Policies & Legislation
On 2 October 2021, GlaxoSmithKlein (GSK) was finally successful in challenging generics manufacturer Teva Pharmaceuticals (Teva) over its ‘skinny’ labelling of their beta blocker carvedilol, a generic version of Coreg.
In late September 2021, Gilead Sciences, Teva and Bristol Myers Squibb, were sued by US pharmacy chains related to delayed launch of HIV generics. In early October 2021, three generics drugs companies, Taro Pharmaceuticals USA, Novartis’ Sandoz and Apotex agreed to pay almost US$450 million to resolve alleged claims that they illegally collaborated on price, supply and allocation of numerous medications.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has published its final guidance document on questions and answers related to biosimilar development and the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act of 2009 (BCPI Act).
On 10 September 2021, acting US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) commissioner Janet Woodcock, sent a letter to the US Patent and Trademark Office (PTO), outlining the agency’s concerns around drug patents and competition.
The Bolstering Innovative Option to Save Immediately on Medicines Act (BIOSIM Act) was introduced in the US on 22 April 2021. This hopes to encourage greater uptake and use of biosimilar therapies by increasing biosimilar reimbursement for healthcare providers in Medicare Part B .
As of 5 May 2021, South Korea has updated the re-examination periods for post-marketing surveillance (PMS) of approved drugs. This now includes a four-year re-examination period for PMS that can now be granted for paediatric drugs approved based on both ‘domestic’ and ‘foreign’ clinical trials.
Within the pharmaceutical industry, the biosimilars business is growing and consolidating both internationally and locally. It is within this framework that MERCOSUR announced the new tariff to be implemented.
The new trade agreement between Mexico, the US and Canada, now called the T-MEC entered into force on 1 July 2020.
To promote the use of generic medicines in Peru, on 31 October 2019, the Executive Branch published regulations through Supreme Decree No. 026-2019-SA, which established mechanisms to ensure access to lower-cost medicines. The decree recognizes the need to adopt measures that favour the population’s access to essential medicines, biological products, and medical devices.
China has made changes to its patent law which were enacted on 1 June 2021. The revisions mean China’s new patent law system resembles the US Hatch-Waxman approach and include a patent linkage system and patent term extensions.