A study conducted by Awada S et al. stated that several factors can contribute to a lack of knowledge among community pharmacists regarding the differences between biosimilar and generic drugs. According to the authors, understanding the scientific and regulatory aspects of biosimilars can be challenging, primarily due to the limited clinical experience in dispensing biosimilars, which leads to misconceptions about their characteristics .
According to a study conducted by Kosaka M et al., Japan established a national health insurance scheme in 1961. This scheme ensured that the entire Japanese population has equal access to medical care by paying only 10%–30% of the medical cost from their own pocket . Despite the advancement of medical technology and a fast-ageing society, Japan’s healthcare costs have continued to rise. However, the Japanese government has failed to offer a fundamental solution and has instead implemented interim measures, with a notable example being the encouragement of generic drug utilization . Similar issues and challenges have been observed in wealthy Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Asian health markets .
To address Thailand's increasing drug costs, the government implemented e-bidding for drug procurement. In a study by Pentrakan et al., e-bidding reduced omeprazole injection prices by 17.35% per vial and enhanced the procurement process. Nonetheless, maintaining a balance between innovation and involving local suppliers is vital for success .
In a study by Trujillo AJ et al., the authors adopt a group-based trajectory modelling approach to analyse the price trends of generic drugs. The analysis is conducted using price data collected quarterly over the past decade from the IBM MarketScan claims database. The study focus is to understand the trajectory patterns of these drugs and identify factors that may have influenced their pricing over time .
Generic medicines are pharmaceutical products manufactured to be equivalent to the brand or innovator drug products. They represent the majority of worldwide prescribed medicines; therefore, their quality is critical to ensure equivalent therapeutic outcomes
Generic drugs are considered indispensable to healthcare systems because they are substantially cheaper than original versions of the drugs. These drugs have become common place, within healthcare delivery, because of the anticipated financial benefits .
Canada is a wealthy country with gross domestic product (GDP) per capita of US$43,258 in 2020. It ranks 16th in the United Nations’ Human Development Index and is one of the most multicultural countries in the world. Canada’s population of more than 38 million includes a significant indigenous population. Its huge land mass means it is very sparsely populated outside urban areas. Authors from Canada and Brazil discuss the pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement policies in Canada .
In the context of the National Health Services (NHS), the gearing that moves the health services comprises a legal framework, permeated by technical and economic parameters.
In a mini review, author a Roy G Beran discusses what is the relevance of a narrow therapeutic index (NTI) to the treatment of epilepsy .
What is the meaning of a narrow therapeutic index (NTI) is a topic explained by author Roy G Beran, in a mini review .