Biosimilars approved in Costa Rica

Biosimilars/General | Posted 03/09/2021 post-comment0 Post your comment

In Costa Rica, the regulatory body responsible for the approval of biologicals is the Ministry of Health.

MinSalud Costa Rica V21I03

A sanitary registration is a control mechanism that entails the verification of requirements associated with the quality and safety of products of sanitary interest, with the objective of contributing to protect the health of the Costa Rican population.

Among the products that require sanitary registration for their importation, commercialization and consumption are food, cosmetics, biomedical equipment and material, medicines, pesticides for household and professional use, natural products with medicinal qualities, hygiene products, dangerous chemical products, including inks used for tattooing.

The legal framework was established in Costa Rica through the technical regulation RTCR 440:2010, Regulation on the Registration and Control of Biological Medicinal Products Nº 37006-S, which came into force on 23 September 2012.

The Ministry of Health Costa Rica defines a biosimilar as the medicine that has been demonstrated through the biosimilarity exercise, that it is similar in terms of quality, safety and efficacy to the reference biological medicine.

To date, the Ministry of Health Costa Rica has approved two biosimilars, Epoyet™ and Heberon Alfa R [1], within the product classes of: 1) erythropoiesis-stimulating agent; and 2) recombinant human interferon alfa, see Table 1.

Table 1: Biosimilars approved by the Ministry of Health Costa Rica
Product name Active substance Therapeutic area Authorization date Manufacturer/
Company name
Epoyet™ erythropoietin Anaemia Not available Biosidus, Argentina
Heberon Alfa R recombinant human interferon alfa 2b Antiviral
Neoplasias
Solid tumours
Fibrosis diseases
Central nervous system diseases
Not available Sandoz, Cuba
*Data updated on 3 September 2021.
Fuente: Ministerio de Salud Costa Rica

  

Ior Epocim, a biomimic of erythropoietin, is also approved in Cuba for use as an erythropoiesis stimulating agent for the treatment of anaemia.

Biomimics are intended copies, unregulated biologicals, biocopies, which cannot be considered biosimilars unless they have been reviewed and approved by the appropriate regulatory agencies in accordance with the international guidelines provided by the World Health Organization (WHO) for the approval of biosimilars [2].

Editor’s comment
European Medicines Agency regulatory requirements ensure the same high standards of quality, safety, and efficacy for biosimilars as for originator biologicals, and also include a rigorous comparability exercise with the reference product but they are not universally accepted by regulatory bodies outside of the European Union (EU). It should be noted that ‘biosimilars’ approved in Costa Rica might not have been authorized if they had been subjected to the strict regulatory processes required for approval of biosimilars in the EU.

Related articles
The biosimilars market in Latin America: a summary

Similar biotherapeutic products approved and marketed in Latin America

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References
1. Ortiz-Prado E, Ponce-Zea J, Vasconez JE, et al. Current trends for biosimilars in the Latin American market. Generics Biosimilars Initiative Journal (GaBI Journal). 2020;9(2):64-74. doi:10.5639/gabij.2020.0902.011
2. GaBI Online - Generics and Biosimilars Initiative. Glosario de términos principales [www.gabionline.net]. Mol, Belgium: Pro Pharma Communications International; [cited 2021 Sep 3]. Available from: www.gabionline.net/biosimilars/general/glosario-de-terminos-principales 

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Source: Ministerio de Salud Costa Rica

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