First posted: 16/03/2012
First posted: 16 March 2012
The Portuguese generics market is poorly developed* and is one of the smaller markets in Europe by both volume and value.
The market share of generic medicines by volume in 2008 was only 16%, representing 18% in value . Therefore, the generics presence in Portugal could be improved, and the following are some ideas that could help to increase the generics market share in Portugal:
- Generics promotion policies should be refined in order to reduce generics prices .
- Remove regulations imposing a minimum price difference between originator and generic medicines .
- Set the reference price at the level of the average price of generic medicines in the reference group .
- Expand INN prescribing through projects promoting medicines databases and computerised prescribing .
- Eliminate the pharmacist disincentive to dispense generic medicines .
- Mechanisms for better enforcement of the rules, such as sanctions or financial incentives, should be considered to encourage generics substitution .
- Policy makers should aim to decrease co-payments for generic medicines .
* In countries with developing generic medicines markets, market share of generic medicines does not surpass 40% .
1. Associação Portuguesa de Medicamentos Genéricos (Apogen). [Market] Mercado [monograph on the Internet]. Oeiras, Portugal, Apogen [cited 2012 Feb 24]. Portuguese. Available from: www.apogen.pt/conteudos/SystemPages/page.asp?art_id=50
2. Österreichisches Bundesinstitut für Gesundheitswesen (ÖBIG). Access to essential medicines in Portugal. 2009.
3. Simoens S, De Coster S. Sustaining generic medicines markets in Europe. 2006 Apr. [monograph on the Internet]. Brussels, Belgium, European Generic medicines Association (EGA) [cited 2012 Feb 24]. Available from: www.egagenerics.com/doc/simoens-report_2006-04.pdf
4. Simoens S. International comparison of generic medicine prices. Curr Med Res Opin. 2007;23(11):2647-54.